Data Recovery: A Quick Guide

Storage device are constantly evolving, they are getting bigger, faster and also more reliable but however the loss of information is till eminent nowadays. The most common causes of data loss are software malfunctions, human errors, hardware failures and the worst power outages.

However, the good news is that information stored on a digital medium is almost always recoverable thanks to improvement in recovery technologies. This is only true for information that has been saved, for instance it is impossible to recover a document that was written but never saved and was lost because your device shut off unexpectedly.

Below are some of the most common causes of data loss and how these can be handled.

Most Common Causes of Data Loss

Accident Deletion of Data

Now this is probably the most common cause of data loss when it comes to human error. There are different file systems in your device, and each behaves differently when deleted. A FAT file on windows destroys the file allocation information and then marks file directory entries as “unused”. In the NTFS file type,the file entry is marked unusedandthe record is completelydeleted from the directory while the allocation is also marked unused.

Linux or Unix file system removes the file descriptor completely and makes the allocation free. The fill descriptor holds information about the file location, size, type etc.

System Formatting

Formatting the file systems can be initiated by mistake. For instance, you can specify the portioning of a wring disk or you can mishandle the storage. An example of this is when you try to reconfigure RAID on a NAS device it formats the internal storage completely.

The formatting will create empty file systems on the storage and write over any information. If the new file system is different from the existing one it will destroy the existing system and overwrite them.

Local Damage to File System

This type of loss can easily happen due to hardware failures or blackouts. Software crashes canalso lead to logical damages. New file systems are highly protected against logical damages, but their defences are useless against software or hardware malfunctions.

Even the tiniest wrong data written to a wrong allocation can cause the breaking of the entire file system.

How Exactly Does Data Recovery Work?

So, when you take the storage device to a data recovery specialist in Melbourne, first they will transfer the remaining data to a safe location. Then the chances of recovering the lost data depend on the how the data was lost in the first place. Overwritten data is never recoverable. So therefore, make sure never to save anything on to a storage with data loss. Until the last lost filed is recovered noting should be written on to the storage.

Professional use data recovery software to get the lost data back. The storage is scanned, and the specific information is found which assembles the damaged file system. This is a very high-level overview of data recovery.