Good maintenance is the key to prevent or control the spread of disease. The aim of good maintenance and management practices is to keep horses in good condition and to reduce the risk of disease transmission, to identify people at specific risk and to promote rapid recovery in the event of certain diseases.
Management arrangements include stables, feeding, grazing, fencing, vaccination and deworming. All aspects should be discussed with your veterinarian to develop a practical and cost-effective treatment and prevention program that is appropriate to the need of owners.
Taking care of your horses involves protecting them from the threat of disease. The problem of illness can be a cause of anxiety and stress for both horse owners and yard owners. Many diseases, such as equine influenza and equine herpes virus, can be highly contagious and thus spread quickly and easily among horses. However, there are some simple steps we can all take to diagnose the disease as soon as possible, reduce the risk of equine disease and ensure that our horses stay fit and without any illness or disorders
How to Protect a Horse at Home from Diseases?
It is easy to reduce the risk on a daily basis: suggesting common things, such as not sharing equipment, buckets, and brushes between different horses, will help a lot.
Always get the full history of a new horse in the yard and check the vaccination history or any pre-arrival tests required prior to arrival.
Maintain and encourage personal hygiene by washing hands regularly, touching and stroking unfamiliar horses, exchanging equipment between horses, cleaning homes and equipment regularly, and thoroughly disinfecting horses.
Avoid exposing your horse to unknown horses or unknown diseases.
Any new horses in the yard should be set aside for three weeks before being introduced to other horses: make sure you have the necessary conditions or opportunity to create a suitable weather environment if you need to quarantine a newly arrived horse.
Make sure that all horses in the yard undergo regular medical care such as vaccinations and worm control measures. Use medicines and horse products when needed. Use a health planner to monitor the situation, and ask your veterinarian if there are any additional measures you need to consider.
If you suspect your horse is sick, disinfect it immediately and seek the advice of a veterinarian. It is recommended to learn in advance how to effectively isolate a potentially infected horse so that it can be done quickly if necessary.
Many diseases have similar symptoms: loss of strength, fever, weight loss, coughs or runny nose – these are some of the things to keep in mind.
Learn how to measure your horse’s temperature – if you know what it’s normal temperature is, you will be able to take action as soon the temperature goes up. This is significant and is one of the main conditions for horse owners to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible and can help prevent the spread of the illnesses.